While many have heard of truck classifications, few really know what they are, how they are determined, or why they are important. If you drive a truck, it has a classification. Trucks are classified by Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), which includes vehicle curb weight, passengers, payload, and trailers.
Trucks range from class 1, which are ½ ton pick-ups such as a Toyota Tacoma or a Dodge Dakota, to Class 8 — tractors & trailers, and everything in-between. So… does your truck have class? Yes it does, and here are the classifications.
- Class 1 — 0–6000 pounds – Example: Toyota Tacoma
- Class 2 — 6,001 to 10,000 pounds – Example: Ford F-150
- Class 3 — 10,001 to 14,000 pounds Example: GMC Sierra
- Class 4 — 14,001 to 16,000 pounds – Example: Dodge Ram 4500
- Class 5 — 16,001 to 19,500 pounds – Example: International MXT
- Class 6 — 19,501 to 26,000 pounds – Example: Ford F-650
- Class 7 — 26,001 to 33,000 pounds – Example: GMC C7500
- Class 8 — 33,000 pounds – Example: all tractor trailers
Why is it important to know truck classifications?
Truck classifications may affect taxes, government regulations (DOT), drivers license, and road restrictions. For example, did you know you must be 21 to receive a commercial driver’s license, or that medical examinations are required for all CMV drivers beginning at class 3? Taxes vary by classification, including regulations for over and less than 26,000 pounds. As well, considerations such as whether a CMV is leased or owned will affect the Interstate Motor Fuel Tax.
Does your truck have class? Yes it does, and it’s important you know its class.